Studying in Germany
03.08.16
Studying in Germany

 

Germany

 

Why Germany exactly?

Firstly, free tuition in German and English. Very few countries today offer free higher education to foreigners, and Germany is one such country. Free in Germany, you can study undergraduate and graduate programs in German and / and in English. At the same time, you can study even at the most prestigious universities in the country, many of which are included in the lists of the best universities in the world - for example, Freie Universität Berlin.

At the same time, the semester fee is the little that the university will require from the student as payment. This is a compulsory contribution before the start of each semester to pay for administrative expenses, student union, as well as payment of a travel card for all types of public transport during the semester. This type of contribution is available in all universities in Germany (from € 100 to € 500). Also, it should be borne in mind that you must have about 8 - 000 euros in your bank account to pay for accommodation, meals, medical insurance for the first year of study, a flight to Germany, as well as confirmation of the availability of funds for a student visa.

Secondly, the opportunity to stay, live and work in Germany. After graduating from a German university, foreign students have a year to look for work in Germany in order to stay in the country.

Thirdly, admission without entrance exams. For admission, you will need a certificate, primary or completed higher education in your country and knowledge of German or English. There are no entrance tests in Germany. The exceptions are mainly creative specialties, law and medicine, where for admission you need to clearly demonstrate your abilities in the chosen field. 

Fourth, the right to work while studying. All students of German universities can officially work no more than 20 hours a week, which means that they can partially or even fully cover their expenses in Germany and gain experience.

Fifth, a wide range of specialties. There are more than 300 universities in Germany with unique specialties that are not taught in Russia. 

Medicine is one of the most prestigious specialties, therefore, you can apply for admission only if you are fluent in German and have excellent grades. There are no English-language programs for teaching medicine at German universities.

Conditions for admission to a German university

German schoolchildren have been studying at school for 13 years, of which the last two are similar in program to the first years of Russian universities. Thus, German school graduates are comparable in age and level of knowledge with our sophomores. To successfully study at a university in Germany, you need to be on a par with German students - this is achieved by two years of higher education or one year of “high school” and one year of college at a German university.

Having started studying at a Russian university in any direction, you need to continue studying in this direction in German. Only if the student has already graduated from a university in Russia and has a diploma, he has two options for obtaining an education in Germany: either he chooses any subject at will, since he actually starts a second higher education, or he continues to study his core subject, but already at a different academic level - at the level of the Master.

There are several ways to act

If the student received his certificate in 2014 or earlier and:

  • has completed at least 2 years of higher education in Russia - you can go straight to the university for the first year of the bachelor's degree, choosing your (or similar) specialty. If a student wants to get a new specialty, one should enter the Studienkolleg, choosing the course to which the new specialty in the undergraduate degree will later belong.
  • I studied at a Russian university for only one year, in Germany you need to go to college at the university or Studienkolleg, and studied there for a year. Only after passing one year in college or college can a student apply for the first year of undergraduate studies.

If a student received his certificate in 2015 and later:

  • after school, you can immediately go to college at the university, choosing a course for yourself, to which in the future the specialty will belong
  • and studied for one year at the full-time department of a Russian state or state-accredited university - you can apply directly to the first year of a bachelor's degree, and start training in an already chosen (or similar) specialty.
  • For admission to the magistracy, you will need to present a bachelor's or specialist’s diploma.

Knowledge of language

Undergraduate is usually taught in German. Entering German undergraduate knowledge is a must.

  • To enter a German university, you need to speak German at level C1. You can prove your knowledge of the language either with the appropriate language certificate (DAF, Goethe Zertifikat), or on the DSH language exam upon arrival in Germany.
  • To enter the college, it is not necessary to know the language at the highest level, but basic knowledge of the language must be present, B1 minimum.
  • You can also enroll in preparatory courses in German at German universities - for this you need at least a German level of A2.

When does study at German universities begin and the deadline for submitting documents to universities?

The beginning of semesters in German universities varies depending on the university and the program. By default, you can talk about the following dates:

  • the beginning of the winter semester (Wintersemester) - October 1
  • the beginning of the summer semester (Sommersemester) - April 1

It is also important to consider the standard deadlines for submitting documents:

  • The deadline for submitting documents to universities for the winter semester is until July 15
  • The deadline for submitting documents to universities for the summer semester is until January 15

How to apply at a German university?

Applications are submitted in two ways:

  • Through an intermediary - Uni-Assist. Most universities cooperate with Uni-Assist, and therefore correspond not with the student directly, but through this organization. It does not matter to how many universities the student sent the application to, all the documents required to apply for training are sent in a single package to Uni-Assist, only the questionnaires themselves will be different, each for a separate university. It is required that the package of documents be complete, translated and certified in accordance with all the rules, and sent on time.
  • Directly through the university. 

What documents will be required?

  • certificates of school and university education (at least 2 years of full-time study; or a diploma if the student graduated from the university). School education is proved by the certificate itself and attached to it, university - academic certificate or, respectively, a diploma
  • certificate of knowledge of the German language. An internationally recognized language certificate (eg TestDAF) is best suited for this. Depending on the chosen subject, knowledge of other languages ​​may be required for training (in English, for example, it will be necessary to prove knowledge of the English language - for example, TOEFL, IELTS certificates).
  • for some subjects, you may also need certificates of past practices or professional experience.
  • many universities also require a motivation letter, recommendations and a biography
  • copy of a foreign passport (page with personal data and photo)

Paperwork is very important before submitting.

All documents in Russian must be provided as notarized copies of the originals or apostilled for some specialties. All documents must be translated into German / English and certified by the seal and signature of the translator or consulate of Germany. Translations also in many cases have to be certified by a notary.

Difficulty entering

There are restrictions Numerus Clausus (NC) - from Latin "limited number", and means nothing more than a limited number of student places for certain specialties. In other words, there are more applicants than places.

How are seats distributed?

For Germans and other citizens of the European Union, different rules apply than for citizens of Russia and other foreign students. For Russian citizens, a mark from a certificate / diploma plays a role - more precisely: the average score Durchschnittsnote.

How to calculate the average score?

For admission to the university, the average score is calculated from the marks of the school certificate (for 11 years) and the academic reference for 2 years at the university. However, not all grades can be taken into account when calculating the average score - in this case, each university decides in its own way and each applicant's grades are calculated individually. In addition, depending on the specialty, university and year of admission, the number of applicants differs, and accordingly, the chances of admission are also different.

Passing scores can be found on the pages of some universities - and be guided by them when entering.

If a student enters economics, law, German studies, medicine or journalism, etc. in large cities and in top universities - you need to understand that only the best of the best are taken. If the student falls short, you can choose regional universities or, if possible, other specialties that are less in demand.

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