Studying in Germany
03.08.16
Studying in Germany

Germany

Why Germany exactly?

Firstly, free education in German and English. Very few countries today offer free higher education for foreigners, and Germany is one of such countries. Free in Germany, you can study undergraduate and graduate programs in German and / or in English. You can even study at the most prestigious universities in the country, many of which are on the list of the best universities in the world - for example, Freie Universität Berlin.

At the same time, a semester fee is not much that a university student will require as payment. This is a mandatory contribution before the beginning of each semester to pay for administrative expenses, student union, as well as payment of a ticket for all types of public transport during the semester. This type of contribution is available in all universities in Germany (from 100 € to 500 €). Also, it should be borne in mind that you must have about 8-000 euros in your bank account to pay for accommodation, meals, medical insurance for the first year of study, flight to Germany, as well as confirming the availability of funds for applying for a student visa.

Secondly, the opportunity to stay live and work in Germany. After graduating from a German university, foreign students have a year to look for work in Germany to stay in the country.

Thirdly, admission without entrance exams. For admission, you need a certificate, primary or completed higher education in your country and knowledge of German or English. There are no entrance tests in Germany. The exceptions are mainly creative specialties, jurisprudence and medicine, where for admission you need to clearly demonstrate your abilities in the chosen field.

Fourth, the right to work while studying. All students of German universities can officially work no more than 20 hours a week, which means that they can partially or even fully cover their expenses in Germany and gain experience.

Fifth, a wide selection of specialties. In Germany, more than 300 universities with unique specialties that are not taught in Russia.

Medicine is one of the most prestigious specialties, therefore, you can apply for admission only if you are fluent in German and have excellent grades. There are no English-language programs for teaching medicine at German universities.

Conditions for admission to a German university

German students have been studying at school for 13 years, of which the last two in the program are similar to the first courses of Russian universities. Thus, German graduates of the school are comparable in age and level of knowledge with our sophomores. To successfully study at a German university, you must be on a par with German students - this is achieved by two years of higher education or one year of “high school” and one year of college at a German university.

Starting to study at a Russian university in a particular field, you need to continue studying in this area in German. Only if the student has already graduated from a university in Russia and has a diploma, he has two options for obtaining education in Germany: either he chooses any subject at will, as he actually starts a second higher education, or he continues to study his profile subject, but already at a different academic level - at the level of the Master.

There are several ways to act

If the student received his certificate in 2014 or earlier and:

  • At least 2 years of higher education in Russia have passed - you can go straight to the university for the first year of undergraduate, choosing your (or similar) specialty. If a student wants to get a new specialty, you should go to Studienkolleg, choosing the course to which the new specialty at the undergraduate will later belong.
  • I studied at a Russian university for only one year, in Germany you need to go to college at the university or Studienkolleg, and studied there for a year. Only after passing one year in college or college can a student apply for the first year of undergraduate studies.

If a student received his certificate in 2015 and later:

  • After school, you can immediately go to college at the university, choosing a course for yourself, to which the specialty will subsequently belong
  • and studied for one year at the full-time department of a Russian state or state-accredited university - you can go directly to the first year of undergraduate studies and begin training in an already chosen (or similar) specialty.
  • For admission to the magistracy, you will need to present a bachelor's or specialist’s diploma.

Knowledge of language

Undergraduate is usually taught in German. Entering German undergraduate knowledge is a must.

  • To enter a German university, you need to be fluent in German at C1 level. You can prove your knowledge of the language either with the appropriate language certificate (DAF, Goethe Zertifikat), or at the DSH language exam upon arrival in Germany.
  • To enter the college it is not necessary to know the language at the highest level, but basic knowledge of the language must be present, B1 minimum.
  • You can also enroll in preparatory German courses at German universities - this requires at least a level of German language A2.

When does study at German universities begin and the deadline for submitting documents to universities?

The beginning of semesters in German universities varies depending on the university and the program. By default, you can talk about the following dates:

  • beginning of the winter semester (Wintersemester) - October 1
  • the beginning of the summer semester (Sommersemester) - April 1

It is also important to consider the standard deadlines for submitting documents:

  • The deadline for submitting documents to universities for the winter semester is until July 15
  • The deadline for submitting documents to universities for the summer semester is until January 15

How to apply at a German university?

Applications are submitted in two ways:

  • Through an intermediary - Uni-Assist. Most universities cooperate with Uni-Assist, and therefore do not correspond directly with the student, but through this organization. It doesn’t matter how many universities the student sent the application to, all the documents required to apply for training are sent as a single package to Uni-Assist, only the questionnaires themselves will be different, each for a separate university. It is required that the package of documents be complete, translated and certified in accordance with all the rules, and sent on time.
  • Directly through the university.

What documents will be required?

  • certificates of school and university education (at least 2 years of full-time study; or a diploma if the student graduated from the university). School education is proved by the certificate itself and the university certificate attached to it, an academic certificate or, respectively, a diploma
  • certificate of knowledge of the German language. An internationally recognized language certificate (e.g. TestDAF) is best suited for this. Depending on the chosen subject, learning may require knowledge of other languages ​​(in English, for example, it will be necessary to prove knowledge of the English language - for example, with TOEFL, IELTS certificates).
  • for some subjects, you may also need certificates of past practices or professional experience.
  • many universities also require a motivation letter, recommendations and a biography
  • copy of a foreign passport (page with personal data and photo)

Paperwork is very important before submitting.

All documents in Russian must be provided as notarized copies of the originals or apostilled for some specialties. All documents must be translated into German / English and certified by the seal and signature of the translator or consulate of Germany. Translations also in many cases have to be certified by a notary.

Difficulty entering

There are limitations to Numerus Clausus (NC) - from Latin “limited number”, and refers to nothing more than a limited number of student places for certain specialties. In other words, there are more people willing to do than places.

How are seats distributed?

For Germans and other citizens of the European Union, different rules apply than for citizens of Russia and other foreign students. For Russian citizens, a mark from a certificate / diploma plays a role - more precisely: the average score Durchschnittsnote.

How to calculate the average score?

For admission to the university, the average score is calculated from the grades of the school certificate (for 11 years) and the academic certificate for 2 years at the university. However, not all grades can be taken into account when calculating the average score - in this case, each university decides in its own way and for each applicant the grades are calculated individually. In addition, depending on the specialty, university and year of admission, the number of applicants differs, and accordingly, the chances of admission, too.

Passing scores can be found on the pages of some universities - and focus on them upon admission.

If a student enters the economy, law, German studies, medicine or journalism, etc. in large cities and top universities - you need to understand that they take only the best of the best. If the student is not enough, you can choose regional universities or, if possible, other specialties that are less in demand.

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