English language teaching methods
English language teaching methods

English language teaching methods

“We will learn to speak English in two weeks,” “learn grammar without cramming,” “the author’s technique for memorizing words,” and many other promises beckon with simplicity and ease. Unfortunately, there is no magic pill for learning a foreign language (we wrote about this in previous article), however, you can choose a proven methodology based on your goals and make the learning process more effective. Let's look at the basic methods of teaching a foreign language.

  1. Grammar-translation method

If you have well-developed logical thinking, you are very diligent and want to know grammar as a student in the linguistic department of Oxford, then the grammar-translation, traditional method of learning English will suit you. It is based on memorization of grammatical constructions, translation of texts from foreign to native, and vice versa. This method is most often used in school and university programs.

The main advantage of this method, it allows you to master the grammar at a high level, understand the structure of the language, lay the fundamental foundation. Disadvantages: insufficient attention to the lexical part, mechanical memorization of words. For reading and translation, either complex literary works or artificial texts are used. When a student enters the language environment, he may stumble upon a language barrier. But it’s very disappointing when you know by heart about the active and passive voice, all the options of the past time, but you can’t use them.

  1. Practice-oriented approach

To solve the problem of the language barrier helps the teaching methodology oriented to solving problems, practice-oriented methodology. During the lesson, the teacher offers students to play a dialogue, play a game in English or arrange a brainstorming, that is, one way or another, use existing knowledge in action. This approach allows students to master language skills as tools to accomplish the task.

The practice-oriented technique helps to quickly learn the practical minimum and is suitable for people who learn English for traveling, for communication and working with foreigners. Thanks to the constant use of the learned words and constructions, the need to apply the knowledge gained, the skill to speak English fluently develops.

  1. Communicative technique

For a deeper understanding of the language system, a problem-oriented technique is used in conjunction with a communicative-cognitive technique. One of the main principles of communicativeness is the co-study of language and culture, the dialogue of cultures. To introduce students to the culture of the language studied, educational material is selected. For example, the texts should show the authentic culture of English-speaking countries, in films and audio recordings - the culture of verbal communication. The lesson organized the process of mastering a foreign language culture, taking into account the interaction of native and foreign cultures in various types of situations of intercultural communication. The teacher builds a dialogue between students, encourages them to compare and compare.

The cognitive approach to learning takes into account both the universal processes of cognition and the individual characteristics of each student's learning. In practice, this means that the student goes through the natural stages of the cognitive process - he gets acquainted with the phonetic, lexical, grammatical sides of speech and types of speech activity. Exercises include questions and tasks on the development of memory, attention, logic, thinking, tasks of a problematic and creative nature, activate the mental and emotional activity of students. The lesson is built so that the student can get the most out of existing knowledge.
In the complex, such classes are a built-in system where there is a study of vocabulary, grammar, listening, reading and translation. In contrast to the grammar-translation method, the teacher does not give grammar rules as a set of laws that need to be learned, but provides students with the opportunity to derive the pattern of using certain constructions through educational material. This approach allows you to more consciously learn a foreign language.

  1. Metacognition, or metacognitive method

You may have heard more than once that the ability to learn and study independently helps to quickly and more fully learn a foreign language. When a student himself controls cognitive activity and controls the educational process - this is called a metacognitive technique. This technique is based on the following principles:

  • Planning - the ability to assess how much material you need to learn and draw up a training plan.
  • Goal setting - understanding what goal you will achieve by solving a particular problem. For example, I listen to these texts in order to learn to understand the Texas accent.
  • Self-control - the ability to help yourself in the study, to cope with problem moments.
  • Evaluation - the ability to evaluate the effectiveness of the chosen strategy.

The American psychologist Ann M. Dirks, the author of one of the first methods of developing metacognitive abilities, believes that the skill of applying mental strategies will allow the student to better navigate in life situations. The role of the teacher in this technique is reduced to an assistant, a coach, who shows the tools for learning. The element of self-study helps to effectively prepare for exams and be prepared to solve unusual situations in the future.

What techniques are used in the Global Ambassador?

At Global Ambassador, we use a combination of several techniques, and this set depends on your goals. For example, visiting Smart English courses You learn at once according to 3 methods: communicative-cognitive, metacognitive and design. And in exam preparation courses (whether TOEFL, IELTS or others) we use a metacognitive technique to ensure you get the highest score when passing the exam.

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