Immigration to France through education
Immigration to France through education

Immigration to France through education

What are the advantages of education in France, what is the principle of equality of opportunity and is it necessary to know French to study at a French university. Our partners from Paris - specialists of a legal consulting company tell how to properly plan your immigration through education. Easy France Pass.

France is popular with international students. In French universities, they seriously teach specialties that have not yet received sufficient development in Russia: multimedia, alternative energy, neurobiology, business. If in Russia students master a lot of theoretical knowledge, in France there is a different approach. Here the main goal is the benefit that a diploma can bring, and not at all erudition or status. Do not forget about the career opportunities that open up before people when they have French universities behind them, because local education is recognized throughout the world.

Higher education system and its cost

France has adopted a system of higher education common for the whole of Europe - LMD (License, Master and Doctorat). License is the first 3 years of study, 6 semesters. Master - the next 2 years of study, or 4 semesters. Testing for the degree of doctor (doctorate) and the defense of the relevant dissertation are possible after 8 years of study.

Until recently, education in public schools in France was free. On November 8, 2018, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announced a significant increase in tuition fees for non-European international students. At the beginning of the 2019 academic year, the amount for admission to a French university was 3 euros for those wishing to obtain a master's degree (Master) and 770 euros for a bachelor's degree (License). This is 2 times more than for French and European students. The reform sparked discontent and triggered the emergence of many protest movements in the university community. In May 770, rallies and boycotts were held at the universities of Paris, Nanterre, Montpellier, Lille, Toulouse and Rennes. The French Constitutional Council has recognized the need to respect the principle of equal chances in higher education. 15 universities have waived tuition increases for non-European students. The reform is still criticized and contested.

Many European students and teachers believe that admitting foreign students on the same terms as their own citizens reaffirms the principle of equality of opportunity, which has long been a cornerstone of the French education system. It is also a great opportunity for young people from different countries to study together in France, build strong bonds and build joint business projects.

At the moment, in most French universities, student education is subsidized by the state. On average, one student costs France 10 euros per year. The student pays annually to register at the university: from about 200 to 600 euros, depending on the level of education.

In private higher education institutions, the fees are higher, but still not as much as in England or the United States. The quality of education does not always depend on its cost. There are also expensive world-class business schools in France. The French newspaper Le Figaro recently published its ranking of the best French Graduate Schools of Business and Management (Ecoles de Commerce et d'Administration) for 2019. The Higher Commercial School of Paris (Ecole Supérieure de Commerce de Paris) became one of the most expensive in 2019: 49 950 euros for one year of study.

Scholarships for study and research in France are awarded by many organizations, from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Education to the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), regional foundations and the higher education institutions themselves. The higher the level of education, the more different types of financial assistance there are.

Preparing to study in France

Non-European international students must apply for a student visa (visa de long séjour category "D" for one year) at the French embassy in their country of residence. There are certain requirements for her: the ability to prove that she has sufficient financial resources, to be enrolled in a French higher education institution for the next academic year and to have health insurance. Some educational institutions provide entrance exams and admission to such universities is possible only after passing competitive exams.

A foreign student must pass a French language exam such as TCF (Test de connaissance du français) or DALF B2 to prove their ability to study in French. This test can be performed by accredited organizations. On this site provides detailed information on language exam centers.

For candidates to business schools such as INSEAD, ESSEC, HEC, French is not required, since all subjects are taught in English. But if you have been living in the country for at least 1-2 years, it is better to take the opportunity: in such business schools, students are often offered French lessons.

In order to prove your previous education, you must provide documents translated into French. The admissions office of the university requests copies of original documents and a notarized translation: you need to translate a school certificate, a diploma of first higher education, if any, and an extract from the diploma with grades.

We recommend that you start preparing documents 5-6 months before the start of the academic year at a French university. First of all, you need to decide on a specialty and an educational institution. We talked about what package of documents needs to be prepared in one of our previous articles... A distinctive feature of French higher education in comparison with other countries is the small size of educational institutions that specialize in a particular field. This is especially true for small French cities such as Grenoble or Nancy. There are no more than 2-3 universities focusing on exact sciences and sociology, as well as a number of engineering and technical specialties. There are 13 universities in Paris and its suburbs that do not specialize in any particular field, and a large number of small, highly specialized educational institutions.

We advise you to be realistic about the university order in the country: the French system of free higher education operates on the principle of "easy to enter and easy to fly out." According to statistics, a third of students do not even finish their first year of study.

Part-time work in France is allowed while studying for students who are not eligible for a scholarship. At the same time, the employment of students has a number of legal subtleties. First of all, the student needs to obtain an appropriate permit from the Department of Labor and Employment. After that, you will need to follow the rules of employment: a foreign student is allowed to work no more than 18-20 hours a week. You can find a job on your own or with the help of specialists from CNOUS (Center for University and School Services).

A graduate of a public university or accredited private business school is entitled to a temporary residence permit for employment (carte de séjour “recherche d'emploi / création d'entreprise”) for a period of 12 months after graduation. You can apply for it while still in France, before the expiration of your student residence permit, or upon returning to Russia within 4 years after completing your studies. This provides an excellent opportunity to show your abilities and gain a foothold in a country that you will love with all your heart during your study time.

The list of state-recognized educational programs, after graduating from one of which you can apply for the indicated residence permit, can be found at website of the association "Big Schools" (Conférence des Granges Écoles, CGE). You also have the right to stay in France for another year if you have received a state diploma included in the legislative list published by here.

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